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IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets sets the recognition criteria and measurement bases to be applied to provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets.

Published September 1998. Effective 1 July 1999.

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Synopsis

IAS 37 requires that a provision is only recognised where:

  • There is a legal or constructive present obligation as a result of a past event, and
  • Payment is probable, and
  • The amount can be reliably estimated.

The amount of the provision should be the best estimate of the amount required to settle the obligation at the reporting date.

Contingent liabilities are not recognised, but are disclosed unless the possibility of an outflow of economic resources is remote.

Contingent assets are not recognised, but are disclosed where an inflow of economic benefits is probable.

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*Not EU endorsed as at 5 September 2014. Read more on EU Endorsement.

The following interpretations refer to IAS 37

Current proposals

  1. The IASB issued a proposed new standard on Insurance Contracts in July 2010. A revised exposure draft was issued in June 2013. When this standard is finalised, it intends to amend IAS 37 to delete an example which illustrates existing requirements for financial guarantee contracts. This would be replaced with an example illustrating the IAS 37 requirements for other guarantee obligations that would continue to be within the scope of IAS 37.

  2. ED/2010/9 Leases was issued in August 2010. The revised ED/2013/6 Leases was issued in May 2013. It proposes fundamental changes to the way in which leases are accounted for and would result in amendments to IAS 37 to clarify which leases fall within the scope of that standard. Example 8 in respect of an onerous contract would also be deleted from the appendix to IAS 37. A final standard is expected in 2015.

This page was last updated 5 September 2014