Bribery and Corruption has long been perceived as a major obstacle for socio-economic development; distorting national and international economic relations.
Corruption includes any illegitimate use of office, and may include a range of different types of crime. Bribery is limited to the giving or acceptance of payment of other illegitimate advantages. To cover these and other matters, we have prepared a report on Economic and Business Crime in an International Context, a review of international law and practice in relation to crimes committed by or on behalf of business. This is part of our Market Foundations initiative.
The scale of the problem of bribery and corruption is significant at both a corporate and governmental level. It creates a major distortion of trade as well as undermining the democratic development of emerging markets.
The Bribery Act 2010 (the ‘Act’) came fully into force on 1 July 2011 and introduced new criminal offences of:
Under the Act there is a defence of “adequate procedures” to prevent bribery for corporate entities and their senior officials.
As a result of the Act the following legislation has been repealed in full:
Furthermore Sections 108 to 110 inclusive of the Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Act 2001 have been repealed and the Common Law offence of 'bribery' has been abolished (Section 17 (1), Bribery Act 2010).
A comprehensive collection of bulletins, publications and links on bribery, corruption, forensic accounting, fraud, money laundering and transparency from ICAEW's Library & Information Service.