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IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers provides a single, principles-based five-step model that should be applied to determine how and when to recognise revenue from contracts with customers.

Published May 2014. Effective 1 January 2018++. 

++The original effective date was set for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2017. However, in September 2015, the IASB issued an amendment to the standard deferring the effective date by one year to 1 January 2018.

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*UK qualifying parents and subsidiaries can take advantage of FRS 101 Reduced Disclosure Framework. Find out more on which entities qualify and the criteria to be met.

Synopsis

IFRS 15 replaces both IAS 11 and IAS 18 as well as SIC 31, IFRIC 13, IFRIC 15 and IFRIC 18 and establishes a single, comprehensive framework for revenue recognition. Its core principle is that revenue is recognised to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

A five-step approach to revenue recognition is required:

  1. Identify the contract(s) with a customer.
  2. Identify the performance obligations in the contract.
  3. Determine the transaction price.
  4. Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.
  5. Recognise revenue when (or as) performance obligations are satisfied.

IFRS 15 also includes requirements for accounting for costs related to a contract with a customer. These are recognised as an asset if certain criteria are met.

The standard requires qualitative and quantitative disclosures in respect of revenue, contract balances, performance obligations, significant judgements and assets recognised from costs to obtain or fulfill a contract.

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Recent amendments

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*Not EU endorsed as at 7 June 2017. Read more on EU endorsement.

UK reduced disclosures

UK qualifying parents and subsidiaries can take advantage of FRS 101 Reduced Disclosure Framework. Find out more on which entities qualify and the criteria to be met.

Amendments to the standard

The following items in FRS 101 Appendix II: Note on legal requirements have been added in order to address United Kingdom company law requirements.

  • That entities applying either Schedule 2 or Schedule 3 to the Regulations may not take advantage of the option in IAS 27 Separate Financial Statements to account for investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates using the equity method.
  • A systematic manner for the presentation of notes to the financial statements shall be adhered in accordance with Schedule 1 to the Regulations when determining the presentation requirements of IAS 1.
  • Schedule 1 to the Regulations requires particulars of turnover to be disclosed irrespective of any exemptions to IFRS 15.

Disclosure exemptions

The reduced disclosure framework states that a qualifying entity is exempt from many of the disclosure requirements of IFRS 15, including:

  • Disaggregation of revenue, subject to Schedule 1 (see above);
  • Qualitative and quantitative information related to changes in contract assets and contract liabilities; and
  • Information about an entities performance obligations, transaction prices and any significant judgments.