US Dollar exchange rates
There are numerous sources for US Dollar exchange rates, including those already mentioned in this knowledge guide. This page lists some of the sources specialising in US Dollar rates.
The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States. It publishes US Dollar exchange rates in the following tables, with data going back to July 1996:
The Historical Data section provides daily exchange rates between for the US Dollar back to 1971.
The site explains these rates are "certified by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for customs purposes as required by section 522 of the amended Tariff Act of 1930. These rates are also those required by the SEC for the integrated disclosure system for foreign private issuers".
International Financial Statistics
This is a monthly publication from the International Monetary Fund dating back to 1974. The Library & Information Service holds an archive going back to January 2007; we can provide exchange rates from this publication to ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users.
There are two sequences of US Dollar-Euro exchange rates:
- The rate at the end of the period (year, month or quarter)
- The average rate for the period (year, month or quarter)
Each volume holds:
- Annual figures for the past 7 years
- Quarterly figures for the last 3 years
- Monthly figures for the last 9 months
Wall Street Journal
The Journal's Market Data website publishes exchange rate data from Reuters. The earliest data available is for 1 May 2007.
Click on the 'Find Historical Data' option to select other dates.
This is an independent service operated by two American academics. It gives exchange rate data over a much longer period than most other sites, including:
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