ICAEW.com works better with JavaScript enabled.

MTD overview

Helpsheets and support

Published: 17 Oct 2018 Updated: 05 Oct 2021 Update History

MTD ITSA deferred

MTD ITSA has been deferred - read our Insights article for details. This page will be updated.

HMRC's vision to digitalise the UK tax system is well underway. The transformation started in April 2019 with Making Tax Digital (MTD) VAT for businesses with taxable turnover above the VAT threshold. MTD VAT is extended to all businesses from April 2022 and MTD income tax self assessment (MTD ITSA) will start in April 2024.

MTD VAT started in April 2019 and is extended to all VAT-registered businesses from April 2022. MTD ITSA will start in April 2024 for the self-employed and those with income from property and in April 2025 for most partnerships. MTD corporation tax will not start until April 2026 at the earliest and is likely to be later. HMRC is also running an MTD for individuals transformation project.

The essential elements of MTD are:

  • Businesses and organisations (which includes those with income from property) are required to maintain digital accounting records. Maintaining paper records ceases to meet the requirements of the tax legislation.
  • Businesses and organisations are required to use a functional compatible software product to submit updates and returns to HMRC. The software uses HMRC’s API (Application Program Interfaces) platform to submit information to HMRC. The current HMRC online tax return services for the relevant tax are withdrawn when a business signs up to MTD.

Timeline for MTD

  1. From April 2019: MTD VAT is mandatory for VAT-registered businesses and organisations (including sole traders, partnerships, limited companies, non-UK businesses registered for UK VAT, trusts and charities) with taxable turnover above the VAT threshold. There was a six-month deferral of the start date, to 1 October 2019, for some more complex businesses.

  2. From April 2022: MTD VAT is mandatory for all VAT-registered businesses and organisations.

  3. - Read more on MTD VAT

  4. From April 2024: MTD ITSA will be mandatory for the self-employed and those with income from property. It will only apply to those with turnover from self-employment plus gross rental income over £10,000.

  5. From April 2025: MTD ITSA will be mandatory for general partnerships (ie, not limited liability partnerships or partnerships with a corporate or other 'non-natural partner'). It will only apply to partnerships with a turnover of £10,000.

  6. - Read more on MTD for income tax

HMRC's MTD delivery roadmap

PDF (252kb)

Download the full PDF of the July 2021 update to HMRC's delivery roadmap for Making Tax Digital VAT and ITSA (income tax self assessment).


Free webinar on MTD ITSA

The Tax Faculty are providing a back-to-basics and myth-busting analysis of Making Tax Digital for income tax self assessment which is set to launch in April 2024. Join Anita Monteith and Caroline Miskin to find out everything you need to know.

Tax Faculty

This guidance is created by the Tax Faculty, recognised internationally as a leading authority and source of expertise on taxation. The Faculty is the voice of tax for ICAEW, responsible for all submissions to the tax authorities. Join the Faculty for expert guidance and support enabling you to provide the best advice on tax to your clients or business.