A: A look at the tie breaker rules under the double taxation treaty between both countries which is found under the ‘residence’ section of the treaty. Tie breaker tests are a series of rules to be applied until residence is allocated to one state or another.
If the tie-breaker rules allocate residence to the other country the effect on the UK can be wide reaching. If your client is treaty resident in the other country, they are entitled to make claims to relief from UK tax (using HS302) that is provided for under the agreement on the basis that the individual is resident of the other state. Result:
- Income/ gains of a type which is dealt with in the agreement and which arises in the other State is always exempt from United Kingdom tax.
- Income arising in other overseas territories is exempt if the agreement has an `other income’ Article.
- Only UK source income can be taxed and then only to the extent that such income can be taxed in the hands of a sole resident of the other State. Special rules may however apply where any income (including foreign income) is connected with a business or profession which the individual carries on in the UK.
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