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Audit

The audit area has information and guidance on completing all stages of an audit as well as making the decision around whether or not an audit is required. There are links to technical help, webinars, publications and events as well as audit representations.

In this section

Coronavirus and audit

Coronavirus considering going concern

The Audit and Assurance Faculty have produced this two part guide for auditors, covering COVID-19 considerations for auditing going concern, and how to report when a material uncertainty relating to going concern exists.

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Considerations for group auditors

This ICAEW Know-How article was created by the Audit and Assurance Faculty. It offers practical considerations in relation to the work of component auditors in light of coronavirus (COVID-19) to address the requirements in ISAs (UK). It may also be relevant for group auditors in other jurisdictions.

Audit exemption

Audit exemption eligibility

Learn whether your organisation qualified for audit exemption for reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016, under the Companies Act 2006 as amended by SI 2015/980. ICAEW's Technical Advisory Service provides guidance covering: group eligibility; eligibility of UK subsidiaries; and audit exemption conditions.

Appointment and engagement terms

Remote auditing - administration

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) resulted in the rapid adoption of remote working, including remote auditing techniques. This extract from the Audit and Assurance Faculty Know-How guide 'Remote auditing in practice' focuses on audit administration.

Risk assessment, internal control and response to risks in external audit

Supporting audit quality

Remote auditing – remote team working

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) resulted in the rapid adoption of remote working, including remote auditing techniques. This extract from the Audit and Assurance Faculty Know-How guide 'Remote auditing in practice' focuses on remote team working, quality control and IT security.

Remote auditing – obtaining evidence

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) resulted in the rapid adoption of remote working, including remote auditing techniques. This extract from the Audit and Assurance Faculty Know-How guide 'Remote auditing in practice' focuses on obtaining evidence.

Remote auditing in practice

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) resulted in the rapid adoption of remote working, including remote auditing techniques. This Audit and Assurance Faculty Know-How guide focuses on lessons learned from COVID-19 on the practicalities of audits conducted remotely.

Applying professional scepticism and judgement

Coronavirus considering going concern

The Audit and Assurance Faculty have produced this two part guide for auditors, covering COVID-19 considerations for auditing going concern, and how to report when a material uncertainty relating to going concern exists.

Scepticism: the practitioners' take

Professional scepticism is central to the work of auditors and yet audit regulators and others continue to express concerns that auditors are not sufficiently sceptical. This report explores what auditors and other stakeholders think about how it can be enhanced and who is responsible for it.

Auditing accounting estimates

Documenting the audit of accounting estimates under ISA 540 (Revised)

Documenting the audit of accounting estimates is important because it provides evidence that the audit complies with ISAs. ISA 540 (Revised) Auditing accounting estimates and related disclosures introduces enhanced documentation requirements and this Audit and Assurance guide provides information and guidance on what needs to be documented, and when, in your audit of accounting estimates.

Inherent risk factors in auditing accounting estimates

ISA 540 (Revised) Auditing accounting estimates and related disclosures introduces the concept of inherent risk factors and requires the auditor to consider the degree to which accounting estimates are affected by these factors in identifying and assessing the risks of material misstatement.

Auditing accounting estimates that give rise to significant risks

When performing an audit of accounting estimates under ISA 540 (Revised) Auditing accounting estimates and related disclosures, an auditor will need to use their own judgement to determine whether any risks of material misstatement identified or assessed in relation to accounting estimates give rise to a significant risk.

Reporting and completion

How to report on irregularities, including fraud, in the auditor’s report – a guide for auditors

For audits of financial periods commencing on or after 15 December 2019, auditors (where ISAs (UK) apply) are required to explain in the auditor’s report to what extent the audit was considered capable of detecting irregularities, including fraud. This was already a requirement for auditors of public interest entities (PIEs) in ISA (UK) 700 (Revised June 2016).

Reporting in an ISA audit

IAASB issued a suite of revised and new auditor reporting standards (ISAs) addressing the audits of complete sets of general purpose financial statements in 2015. The changes mainly focus on increasing transparency about the audit performed. This guide outlines the key requirements for auditors.

Groups audits

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Considerations for group auditors

This ICAEW Know-How article was created by the Audit and Assurance Faculty. It offers practical considerations in relation to the work of component auditors in light of coronavirus (COVID-19) to address the requirements in ISAs (UK). It may also be relevant for group auditors in other jurisdictions.

Group audits and recent guidance

All group audits will be affected by recent Financial Reporting Council guidance on review of component auditors’ work. Geoff Swales of PwC explains the requirements of ISA (UK) 600 and outlines the work of the group engagement team.