Technical helpsheet to help members understand how lessees should account for an operating lease with a rent free period under FRS 102 and provides a practical example of the calculations required.
This helpsheet has been issued by ICAEW’s Technical Advisory Service to help ICAEW members to understand how lessees should account for an operating lease with a rent free period under FRS 102 and provides a practical example of the calculations required.
Members may also wish to refer to the following related helpsheets:
With any lease, it must be determined whether it is a finance lease or operating lease (see the helpsheet Accounting for leases under FRS 102).
If the lease is an operating lease (i.e. it does not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the lessee), the lease payments shall be recognised on a straight line basis over the lease term in accordance with FRS 102 paragraph 20.15, unless an exception applies.
Exceptions to the straight line basis apply where another systematic basis is representative of the time pattern of the user’s benefit; the payments to the lessor are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation (based on published indexes or statistics) to compensate the lessor for their expected inflationary cost increases; or where a COVID-19-related rent concession has been granted (see COVID-19-related rent concessions under FRS 102 and FRS 105).
A rent free period is a lease incentive (as defined in the glossary of FRS 102) and under FRS 102 paragraph 20.15A, it must be spread over the lease term as a reduction to the lease expense.
A lessee enters a new 10 year lease to rent a property. The first six months are rent free, and rent of £7,500 is payable quarterly thereafter.
In line with the above requirements, the lease payments will be recognised on a straight line basis over the lease term and the rent free period will be spread over the lease term as a reduction to the lease expense.
The total lease expense is:
£7,500 per quarter x 38 quarters = £285,000
The annual lease expense is therefore:
£285,000 / 10 years = £28,500 per year
The accounting entries will therefore be as follows.
Dr P&L expense (as above) £28,500
Cr Cash (2 x £7,500) £15,000
Cr Accrual £13,500
Dr P&L expense (as above) £28,500
Cr Cash (4 x £7,500) £30,000
Dr Accrual £1,500
If in doubt seek advice
ICAEW members, affiliates, ICAEW students and staff in eligible firms with member firm access can discuss their specific situation with the Technical Advisory Service on +44 (0)1908 248 250 or via webchat.
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- 01 Jul 2018 (12: 00 AM BST)
- First published
- 18 Dec 2020 (10: 44 AM GMT)
- Changelog created, helpsheet converted to new template
- 18 Dec 2020 (10: 45 AM GMT)
- Links to other helpsheets added to text, If in doubt seek advice paragraph updated.
- 11 Nov 2021 (04: 35 PM GMT)
- Helpsheet reviewed, no changes to content