Basel II and III
Basel II is the international framework for the assessment of international banks' capital adequacy, the second of the 'Basel Accords' issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in 2004. Basel III (issued December 2010) provides a regulatory framework targeting governance and risk management and the introduction of two global liquidity standards. The final Basel III standard was announced in December 2017 and comes in to effect in January 2022. On this page you can find articles, books and online resources providing news and analysis on these accords.
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- Online articles
- Useful links: key resources, publications, updates
- Articles and books in the Library collection
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An introduction to governance for directors and executives. Chapter 14 deals with risk management with sections on: risk management and corporate governance; risk assessment; controls; risk management; Basel II; ERM framework; COSO ERM framework.
The impact of Basel III on the operations of retail banks
This publication looks to provide a bigger picture view of the impact and future of financial regulation in the EU. Chapter ten gives an overview of Basel II with sections on improving the reliability and safety of financial institutions and improving the control of financial institutions.
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EU banks capital requirements to increase 17% under Basel III reforms
The article offers information on the projected rise of the capital requirements of European banks under the Basel III reforms.
Banks haven't made Basel III impacts clear to investors – analysts
The article reports on the failure of banks in helping shareholders and investors understand the impact on capital requirements stemming from Basel III reforms. It highlights insight from an analyst at UBS regarding the poor clarity to lenders of the impact of the Basel III reform on them. It also requires improvement of knowledge, capital levels and implementation of the Basel III to ensure awareness and understanding among investors.
Basel Committee releases new capital standard for market risk
Article reports on the issuance by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in January 2019 of its revised capital standard for risk management in banks with small or streamlined trading operations under the Basel III capital accords. Also cited are the comment of European Central Bank president Mario Draghi on the standard, and the need to address emerging vulnerabilities of the banking system.
Basel II: International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital Standards: A Revised Framework – Comprehensive Version
The framework document published by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in June 2006. It compiles the June 2004 Basel II Framework, the elements of the 1988 Accord not revised during the Basel II process, the 1996 Amendment to the Capital Accord to Incorporate Market Risks and the November 2005 paper on Basel II. The document is available to download by chapter, covering the First, Second and Third Pillars.
International regulatory framework for banks (Basel III)
Information and resources on Basel III, including progress highlights and frequently asked questions.
Finalisation of Basel III reforms
BIS press release outlining the agreed reforms announced in December 2017 including final standards text. The revised standards will take effect from 1 January 2022 and will be phased in over five years.
Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
Hub of information on the Basel Committee and its work, including links to publications on the Basel II and III frameworks and a timeline of the Committee's activity.
Minimum capital requirements for market risk
BIS's revised market risk framework, designed to promote consistent implementation of the standards across jurisdictions. The revised framework comes into effect on 1 January 2019.
BCBS documents on Basel III
Collection of publications on Basel III from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision..
Other guidance and publications
Basel III framework: the butterfly effect
Report from Deloitte summarising the evolution of the Basel III regulatory framework to the beginning of 2015.
Basel III monitoring exercise
The European Banking Agency has been monitoring and assessing the impact of Basel III on a selection of EU banks since 2011 and publishes annual monitoring reports.
Capital Requirements Directive
Information from the FCA on the EU Capital Requirements Directive, including the implementation of Basel III. Resources include rules and guidance on UK requirements for supervisory disclosure.
EU summary page with links to Capital Requirements Directive legislation in force and proposals on capital requirements.
Deferred tax implications of final Basel III rules
EY publication on the Federal Reserve's final regulations for implementation of Basel III.
Basel IV - the next generation of RWA
PWC hub, including a focus on capital requirements and a list of PWC publications and webcasts,
Articles and books in the Library collection
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