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Basel II and III

Basel II is the international framework for the assessment of international banks' capital adequacy, the second of the 'Basel Accords' issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in 2004. Basel III (issued December 2010) provides a regulatory framework targeting governance and risk management and the introduction of two global liquidity standards. The final Basel III standard was announced in December 2017 and comes in to effect in January 2022. On this page you can find articles, books and online resources providing news and analysis on these accords.

What's on this page?

  • eBooks 
  • Online articles
  • Useful links: key resources, publications, updates
  • Articles and books in the Library collection

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The Library provides full text access to a selection of key business and reference eBooks from leading publishers. eBooks are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users. If you are unable to access an eBook, please see our Help and support advice or contact library@icaew.com.

Risk management

An introduction to governance for directors and executives. Chapter 14 deals with risk management with sections on: risk management and corporate governance; risk assessment; controls; risk management; Basel II; ERM framework; COSO ERM framework.

The impact of Basel III on the operations of retail banks

This publication looks to provide a bigger picture view of the impact and future of financial regulation in the EU. Chapter ten gives an overview of Basel II with sections on improving the reliability and safety of financial institutions and improving the control of financial institutions.

Terms of use: You are permitted to access, download, copy, or print out content from eBooks for your own research or study only, subject to the terms of use set by our suppliers and any restrictions imposed by individual publishers. Please see individual supplier pages for full terms of use.

Online articles

The Library provides access to leading business, finance and management journals. These journals are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users subject to suppliers' terms of use.

HM government to review Solvency II in Brexit announcement

Article reports on announcement from the Chancellor of the Exchequer - "Britain will “tailor” capital rules for insurers inherited from the European Union as it takes back control of its crucial financial services sector"

ECB confirms new Basel-busting Pillar 2 compistion

Andrea Enria, chair of the European Central Bank's supervisory board, has confirmed that eurozone banks will be able to include subordinated debt as part of their Pillar 2 capital requirements.

Basel III or IV? The ECB will decide

Article reports that the European Central Bank will be the body that decides how far the Basel III rules go and is likely to allow firms to use weaker forms of capital to meet Pillar 2.

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Useful links

Key resources

Basel II: International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital Standards: A Revised Framework – Comprehensive Version
The framework document published by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in June 2006. It compiles the June 2004 Basel II Framework, the elements of the 1988 Accord not revised during the Basel II process, the 1996 Amendment to the Capital Accord to Incorporate Market Risks and the November 2005 paper on Basel II. The document is available to download by chapter, covering the First, Second and Third Pillars.

International regulatory framework for banks (Basel III)
Information and resources on Basel III, including progress highlights and frequently asked questions.

Finalisation of Basel III reforms
BIS press release outlining the agreed reforms announced in December 2017 including final standards text. The revised standards will take effect from 1 January 2022 and will be phased in over five years.

Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
Hub of information on the Basel Committee and its work, including links to publications on the Basel II and III frameworks and a timeline of the Committee's activity.

Minimum capital requirements for market risk
BIS's revised market risk framework, designed to promote consistent implementation of the standards across jurisdictions. The revised framework comes into effect on 1 January 2019.

BCBS documents on Basel III
Collection of publications on Basel III from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision..

Other guidance and publications

Basel III framework: the butterfly effect
Report from Deloitte summarising the evolution of the Basel III regulatory framework to the beginning of 2015.

Basel III monitoring exercise
The European Banking Agency has been monitoring and assessing the impact of Basel III on a selection of EU banks since 2011 and publishes annual monitoring reports.   

Capital Requirements Directive
Information from the FCA on the EU Capital Requirements Directive, including the implementation of Basel III. Resources include rules and guidance on UK requirements for supervisory disclosure.

Prudential requirements
EU summary page with links to Capital Requirements Directive legislation in force and proposals on capital requirements.

Deferred tax implications of final Basel III rules
EY publication on the Federal Reserve's final regulations for implementation of Basel III.

Basel IV - the next generation of RWA
PWC hub, including a focus on capital requirements and a list of PWC publications and webcasts,

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