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Working practices and pay

Articles, books and online guidance concerning the laws and regulations on working hours and employee pay and benefits.

Legal Alert

Legal Alert is a monthly checklist from Atom Content Marketing highlighting new and pending laws, regulations, codes of practice and rulings that could have an impact on your business.

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The Library provides full text access to a selection of key business and reference eBooks from leading publishers. eBooks are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users. If you are unable to access an eBook, please see our Help and support advice or contact library@icaew.com.

Paying staff

This chapter looks at various aspects of employee pay, including: deciding how much to pay; job evaluation; bonuses; National Minimum Wage; deductions from pay.

Working hours and holidays

This chapter looks at the Working Time Regulations 1998; annual holidays; parental leave; Sunday working; the employment of schoolchildren; and flexible working.

Handling organizational change

This chapter looks at organizational change and includes sections on: Changes in responsibilities; Changes to processes and procedures; Obtaining commitment to change; Relocation; and business transfers (Transfer of Undertakings [Protection of employment] Regulations or TUPE).

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Terms of use: You are permitted to access, download, copy, or print out content from eBooks for your own research or study only, subject to the terms of use set by our suppliers and any restrictions imposed by individual publishers. Please see individual supplier pages for full terms of use.

Acas guidance

Advice, guidance and practical resources on a wide variety of recruitment topics for both employers and employees, produced by the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service, Acas. Acas is the employment relations service for England, Scotland and Wales offering practical, independent and impartial advice to employers, employees and their representatives.

Help for small firms: Handling pay and wages


Acas tool aimed at small firms and line and team managers in larger organisations. The steps cover how to prevent pay problems arising, from choosing a pay system to statutory pay during absences from work and factors affecting pay when employment ends.

Holiday entitlement


Guidance from Acas on legal holiday entitlements, how holiday pay is calculated and when employees can take holiday.

Holidays and holiday pay

Acas November 2014

Acas advice leaflet containing helpful information about holiday entitlement, the leave year, taking leave and holiday pay. Includes a quick guide to calculating holiday entitlement.

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Online articles

The Library provides access to leading business, finance and management journals. These journals are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users subject to suppliers' terms of use.

Why do we still have unpaid interns?

The article describes the continued prevalence of unpaid internships in Great Britain which affects social mobility and is considered illegal in many cases. It is estimated that between 70,000 and 100,000 unpaid internships take place in Great Britain each year. According to Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs, more than 550 warning letters have been sent to companies over the previous three months, as of April 2018. Interns classed as workers should be paid at least the national minimum wage.

Sick pay for 'flexible' workers

The article reports on the British government's launch of consultations relating to the rights of part-time and flexible workers including sick pay and holiday entitlements and clarification of their employment status.

Who needs the Working Time Regulations?

The article discusses the Working Time Regulations (WTR) related to employment of people in Great Britain marking its 20th anniversary as of 2018. Topics discussed include the regulations in practice such as workers not working more than 48 hours and right to paid annual leave of at least four weeks with public holidays.

Does work experience have to be paid?

The article discusses how the Pret A Manger Holdings Ltd. sandwich company has changed its policy regarding a plan to offer unpaid work experience (internships) to high school and college students between the ages of 16 and 18 in Great Britain, and it mentions criticism and boycotts, as well as the claim that an employer must pay anyone who meets the legal definition of the term worker. Great Britain's national minimum wage law and the problems associated with free labour are assessed.

She only makes tea and sweeps the floor

The article presents several excuses for employers failing to pay staff the national minimum wage in Great Britain that were published by HMRC, including the exemption of foreign workers from British wage laws, accountant's and employees speaking a different language, and employees still training or learning the job.

Will shared parental leave ever work?

Article looks at legislation passed in 2015 allowing shared parental leave in the UK. Topics covered include possible reform due to low uptake due to the structure and employment-related barriers for fathers.

Employers must be prepared to add commission

The article discusses the need for employers to consider adding commission to holiday pay following the British Court of Appeal's ruling on the case Lock vs. British Gas. Topics include the plaintiff's claim that the firm British Gas owed him additional holiday pay because what he received did not reflect the commission that he would possibly have earned, the implications of the ruling for various sectors such as retail, media and finance, and the recruitment industry's view on the ruling.

UK receives second lowest public holiday entitlement in the world

The article focuses on the study from Mercer's Worldwide Benefit and Employment Guidelines which shows that employees in Great Britain are the second lowest to receive public holiday allowance, with only eight days of holiday entitlement each year.

Is the national living wage a pay rise too far?

The article discusses the impact of Great Britain's national living wage (NLW) on future employment prospects as of 2016, and it mentions the British Office of Budget Responsibility's estimate that the NLW could result in the loss of 60,000 jobs by 2020. Low-wage workers in Great Britain are addressed, along with the British government's minimum wage policy, and a plan to tax larger employers to run apprenticeships.

Employment law changes in 2016: eight things employers should know

In 2016, employers will begin to feel the impact of several employment law reforms made by the UK government. Bar Huberman looks at some controversial decisions affecting a number of HR areas.

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Useful links

The Taylor Review
An independent review of modern working practices.

Contracts of employment and working hours
Guidance from GOV.UK for employers covering flexible working, maximum weekly working hours, overtime, Sunday working, part-time workers' rights and other topics.

FedEE review of minimum wage rates
The Federation of European Employers provides a table of gross statutory minimum wage rates for countries across Europe.

Working Time Regulations: impact on the UK labour market
Review of the effect compliance with the European Working Time Directive has had on the UK labour market.

An employer’s guide to right to work checks
Home Office guidance on the prevention of illegal working, including recent updates to employment regulations.

Articles and books in the Library collection

To find out how you can borrow books from the Library please see our guide to book loans.

You can obtain copies of articles or extracts of books and reports by post, fax or email through our document supply service.

Can't find what you are looking for?

If you're having trouble finding the information you need, ask the Library & Information Service. Contact us by telephone on +44 (0)20 7920 8620, by web chat or by email at library@icaew.com.

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