ICAEW.com works better with JavaScript enabled.


Headline tax announcements from the Scottish and Welsh Budgets


Published: 21 Dec 2023 Update History

On 19 December, Deputy First Minister Shona Robison presented the Scottish Budget for 2024 to 2025 to the Scottish Parliament. On the same day, Finance Minister, Rebecca Evans issued various statements alongside the Welsh Draft Budget for 2024-25.

Income tax 

In Scotland, it was announced that a sixth income tax band (the 45% advanced rate) would be introduced from 6 April 2024 for income between £75,000 and £125,140. In addition, the top rate will increase by one percentage point to 48%. 

The proposed income tax rates and bands for Scotland are: 

  2023/24   2024/25
  Band Rate Band Rate
Starter £12,571*- £14,732 19% £12,571* - £14,876 19%
Basic £14,733*- £25,688 20% £14,877 - £26,561 20%
Intermediate £25,689 - £43,662 21% £25,562 - £43,662 21%
Higher £43,663 - £125,140** 42% £43,663 - £75,000 42%
Advanced N/A N/A £75,001 - £125,140** 45%
Top Above £125,140 47% Above £125,140 48%

*Assumes individuals are in receipt of the standard personal allowance.

**Those earning more than £100,000 will see their personal allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 earned over £100,000.

In Wales, it is proposed that the income tax rates for 2024/25 will remain equal to income tax rates in England and Northern Ireland.

Land and buildings transaction tax (LBTT) in Scotland and land transaction tax (LTT) in Wales

No changes are proposed to LBTT rates and bands. However, following a consultation, to which ICAEW responded, the Scottish government will introduce legislation to the Scottish Parliament to provide for various amendments to the additional dwelling supplement (ADS). This includes:

  • extending the timelines for the ADS;
  • addressing concerns about certain scenarios involving joint buyers; and
  • extending the scope of residential LBTT relief for local authorities. 

While the Welsh government does not propose any immediate changes to LTT, it did launch two consultations. 

The first consultation concerns extending the three-year refund and exception periods where the sale of a former main residence was:  

  • not possible because of emergency restrictions; and/or 
  • impeded due to issues related to fire safety defects. 

The second consultation concerns the introduction of an LTT relief for qualifying transactions of land within a designated Welsh special tax site (ie, a Welsh freeport or investment zone). 

Scottish landfill tax (SLfT) and landfill disposals tax 

Both governments announced inflationary increases in tax rates that are in line with UK landfill tax. The policy of ensuring rates are aligned is intended to reduce the risk of waste moving across borders. 

Other points 

  • The Welsh government plans to introduce legislation for a visitor levy into the Senedd by Autumn 2024;
  • The Scottish government remains committed to introducing an air departure tax;
  • If the Aggregates Tax and Devolved Taxes Administration (Scotland) Bill is approved by the Scottish Parliament, they intend to introduce a Scottish aggregates tax from 1 April 2026;
  • The Scottish government is seeking the timely transfer of powers to introduce a devolved building safety levy; and
  • The Scottish government is exploring whether a cruise ship levy could be included in the Visitor Levy (Scotland) Bill


Further reading: 

The Tax Faculty

ICAEW's Tax Faculty is recognised internationally as a leading authority and source of expertise on taxation. The faculty is the voice of tax for ICAEW, responsible for all submissions to the tax authorities. Join the Faculty for expert guidance and support enabling you to provide the best advice on tax to your clients or business.

More support on tax

ICAEW's Tax Faculty provides technical guidance and practical support on tax practice and policy. You can sign up to the Tax Faculty's free enewsletter (TAXwire) which provides weekly updates on developments in tax.

Sign up for TAXwireJoin the Tax Faculty

More from the Tax Faculty

Latest news
Making tax digital image

Stay up to date with the latest developments in tax by signing up to the Tax Faculty's weekly e-newsletter

Practical guidance

Comprehensive support for Tax practitioners each month from the Tax Faculty and expert contributors.

Technical support
Tax Faculty image

Expert advice from the Tax Faculty's technical managers on all the developments in tax policy and practice.

Open AddCPD icon

Add Verified CPD Activity

Introducing AddCPD, a new way to record your CPD activities!

Log in to start using the AddCPD tool. Available only to ICAEW members.

Add this page to your CPD activity

Step 1 of 3
Download recorded
Download not recorded

Please download the related document if you wish to add this activity to your record

What time are you claiming for this activity?
Mandatory fields

Add this page to your CPD activity

Step 2 of 3
Mandatory field

Add activity to my record

Step 3 of 3
Mandatory field

Activity added

An error has occurred
Please try again

If the problem persists please contact our helpline on +44 (0)1908 248 250