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Sarbanes-Oxley

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was the most significant legislation to emerge in response to the corporate governance failures at the start of the 21st century. On this page members can access a selection of resources on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act including articles and books that look at its impact and suggest practical steps to tackle compliance.

What's on this page?

  • eBooks
  • Online articles
  • The Act and regulations
  • Resource centres
  • Reports
  • Books and articles from the Library

Contact the Library

Expert help for your enquiries and research.

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Featured article

Is the Sarbanes-Oxley Act working?
Has the Sarbanes-Oxley Act has succeeded in its aims of making financial reporting more transparent, improving corporate governance and regulating the auditing profession?

You will need to be logged-in to the website to access this article.

Featured book

Corporate governance handbook
Chambers, A. (Bloomsbury Professional, 2014, 1099 pages)
This book advises on functioning within the legal, ethical and practical parameters of corporate governance. Includes a chapter on audit committees and Sarbanes-Oxley in the UK.

To borrow this book please contact the Library.

eBooks

The Library provides full text access to a selection of key business and reference eBooks from leading publishers. eBooks are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users. If you are unable to access an eBook, please see our Help and support advice or contact library@icaew.com.

Terms of use: You are permitted to access, download, copy, or print out content from eBooks for your own research or study only, subject to the terms of use set by our suppliers and any restrictions imposed by individual publishers. Please see individual supplier pages for full terms of use.

Online articles

The Library provides access to leading business, finance and management journals. These journals are available to logged-in ICAEW members, ACA students and other entitled users subject to suppliers' terms of use.

SOX compliance still costly

The article reports on the continued rise of costs in response to external changes such as new auditing and financial regulations as well as the transitions many public companies are undergoing in the U.S. brought by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that took effect in 2002.

Do companies with effective internal controls over financial reporting benefit from Sarbanes–Oxley sections 302 and 404?

In this article, the authors attempt to empirically examine and document the impact disclosing material control weaknesses or the consequences flowing to public companies from such disclosures have on information asymmetry and related market micro-structure to promote ‘‘equity’’ in U.S. capital markets post Sarbanes-Oxley.

Report refutes Sarbanes-Oxley critics: Strong evidence exists of a link between auditor-identified weak internal controls and subsequent fraud cases

The article focuses on a study published in the "Auditing: A Journal of Practice & Theory" periodical over relationship between material weaknesses and company fraud.

Internal control weaknesses and financial reporting fraud

This study examines whether and how weak internal controls increase the risk of financial reporting fraud by top managers. There is a longstanding debate on whether control strength significantly affects fraud risk, yet little evidence on this issue.

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Useful links

The Act and Regulations

Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002
The final version of the act, as passed by both houses and including parts of the original bills passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. The act (now described as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002) was passed by both houses and cleared for the White House on 25th July 2002. President Bush signed the act on July 30th 2002.

Spotlight on: Sarbanes-Oxley Rulemaking and Reports 
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Spotlight on: Implementation of Internal Control Reporting Provisions 
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Resource centres

Sarbanes Oxley Implementation Centre 
Resource centre produced by AICPA providing background information on the act and its requirements along with a collection of guidance, studies and links to relevant SEC/PCAOB documents.

Reports and guidance

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act at 10 
Ten years on from the passing of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, this 2012 report by Ernst & Young reviews the Act’s key provisions, perspectives on some improvements brought about by SOX and opportunities for further enhancements to the financial reporting system.

The Turnbull guidance as an evaluation framework for the purposes of Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act 
Guide for UK and Irish companies registered with the SEC 'on the use of the Turnbull guidance when complying with US requirements to report on internal controls over financial reporting' (PDF: 40KB, 14 pages). The guide was published by the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) on 16th December 2004.

Taking Control: A Guide to Compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 
A publication from Deloitte providing 'step-by-step guidance on implementing a strong system of internal control to meet the requirements of Sarbanes-Oxley section 404'. The publication was made available online in July 2004.

Under Control: Sustaining Compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley in Year Two and Beyond 
A follow up to the Deloitte publication 'Taking Control' which looks at how companies can find more value from section 404 compliance. The publication states that it 'provides practical advice and analyses critical shortcomings that many companies experienced in their first-year efforts'. Published in March 2005 (PDF format, 20 pages).

Articles and books in the Library collection

To find out how you can borrow books from the Library please see our guide to book loans.

You can obtain copies of articles or extracts of books and reports by post, fax or email through our document supply service.

Can't find what you are looking for?

If you're having trouble finding the information you need, ask the Library & Information Service. Contact us by telephone on +44 (0)20 7920 8620, by web chat or by email at library@icaew.com.

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