ICAEW.com works better with JavaScript enabled.


Related party disclosures under FRS 102

Helpsheets and support

Published: 01 Mar 2017 Reviewed: 04 Nov 2021 Update History

Exclusive content
Access to our exclusive resources is for specific groups of students, users and members.

Technical helpsheet issued to help ICAEW members and Financial Reporting Faculty members, understand the accounting considerations and requirements for redundancy payments under FRS 102.


This helpsheet has been issued by ICAEW’s Technical Advisory Service to help ICAEW members understand key disclosure requirements for related parties under FRS 102. In addition to the below guidance, members are encouraged to use a good quality disclosure checklist to assist in ensuring all relevant disclosures are made in the financial statements.

Members may also wish to refer to the following related helpsheets:

Definition of a related party

The definition of a related party is contained within the glossary of FRS 102 and is consistent with the IFRS standard, IAS 24.

Key management personnel

Definition of key management personnel

FRS 102 defines key management personnel as:

‘Those persons having authority and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of the entity, directly or indirectly, including any director (whether executive or otherwise) of that entity’. Whilst this definition explicitly includes directors – both executive and non-executive – it is wider than that. It is therefore important to consider those in senior management positions with decision-making capacity.

In the context of group accounts, key management personnel may also include the directors and senior management of subsidiaries. This is more likely when the subsidiary is operated with a high degree of autonomy or is one of the major operating companies within the group. For example, in a group which contains a trading subsidiary and a largely inactive parent holding company, it is likely that the directors of the trading subsidiary will be key management personnel of the group, as well as for that subsidiary itself.

Disclosure of key management personnel compensation

FRS 102 provides little guidance on how to arrive at the total of key management personnel compensation required by paragraph 33.7, although paragraph 33.6 does state that it should include employee benefits as set out in Section 28, including those in the form of share-based payments.

The following should therefore be included when disclosing key management personnel compensation:

  • wages, salaries and social security contributions (e.g. employers NICs), including any paid sick or holiday leave;
  • profit-sharing and bonuses;
  • non-monetary benefits such as medical care, housing, free or subsidised goods or services and cars (see below);
  • pension contributions;
  • any amount recognised in profit or loss in respect of share-based payments; and
  • any other employee benefits provided during the period.

Where relevant, the amount included in this disclosure should be consistent with the amount recognised in profit or loss for the year. However, there are some areas where this may prove challenging, most notably in respect of non-monetary benefits, where the value of the compensation can be calculated in a number of ways (cost to the employer, value to the employee, benefit in kind value, etc.). In this situation, an appropriate policy should be adopted, disclosed and applied consistently, although in practice most entities will opt for the cost to the employer.

Transactions with wholly owned members of a group

FRS 102 paragraph 33.1A offers an exemption from disclosing transactions entered into between two or more members of a group, provided that any subsidiary which is a party to the transaction is wholly owned by such a member. There is no requirement to state explicitly that the exemption is being taken.

Disclosure of a parent and ultimate controlling party

FRS 102 paragraph 33.5 requires disclosure of the name of the parent and, if different, the ultimate controlling party (which may be another entity or individual). Additional disclosure requirements from company law also apply and further details can be found in the helpsheet Disclosure of related undertakings, parent entities and ultimate controlling parties.

Disclosure of related party transactions

Sufficient disclosure should always be provided to enable users of the accounts to understand the nature of the relationship and the balance, transaction or commitment as well as its effect on the accounts. FRS 102 paragraph 33.9 sets out the minimum required disclosures for each type of related party transaction:

  • the nature of the related party relationship;
  • the amount of the transactions;
  • the amount of outstanding balances, their terms and conditions and details of any guarantees given or received;
  • provisions for any uncollectible receivables related to outstanding balances; and
  • the expense recognised during the period for any bad or doubtful debts due from related parties.

These disclosures should be made separately for each category of related party (as set out in FRS 102 paragraph33.10). There is no explicit requirement to disclose the name of the related party in FRS 102.

As noted above, an entity shall also disclose key management personnel compensation in total.

Small companies applying section 1A

Small entities applying Section 1A of FRS 102 are required by paragraph 1AC.35 to disclose material related party transactions that have not been concluded under normal market conditions with any of the following:

  • owners holding a participating interest in the small entity;
  • companies in which the small entity itself has a participating interest; and
  • the small entity’s directors (or members of its governing body).

They must also disclose any advances, credits and guarantees given to directors under s413 of the Companies Act 2006 (which is also required by FRS 102 paragraph 1AC.36). 
Section 1A does not elaborate on what constitutes an ‘off-market’ related party transaction, but in practice this will often be self-evident. The position can, however, be less clear in the context of amounts paid to directors. Further guidance is available in the Financial Reporting Faculty’s guidance Small companies: Disclosure of transactions with directors.

If in doubt seek advice

ICAEW members, affiliates, ICAEW students and staff in eligible firms with member firm access can discuss their specific situation with the Technical Advisory Service on +44 (0)1908 248 250 or via webchat.

Terms and conditions

© ICAEW 2022  All rights reserved.

ICAEW cannot accept responsibility for any person acting or refraining to act as a result of any material contained in this helpsheet. This helpsheet is designed to alert members to an important issue of general application. It is not intended to be a definitive statement covering all aspects but is a brief comment on a specific point.

ICAEW members have permission to use and reproduce this helpsheet on the following conditions:

  • This permission is strictly limited to ICAEW members only who are using the helpsheet for guidance only.
  • The helpsheet is to be reproduced for personal, non-commercial use only and is not for re-distribution.

For further details members are invited to telephone the Technical Advisory Service T +44 (0)1908 248250. The Technical Advisory Service comprises the technical enquiries, ethics advice, anti-money laundering and fraud helplines. For further details visit icaew.com/tas.

Changelog Anchor
  • Update History
    01 Mar 2017 (12: 00 AM GMT)
    First published
    04 Nov 2021 (01: 45 PM GMT)
    Changelog created, helpsheet converted to new template
    04 Nov 2021 (01: 45 PM GMT)
    Removed link to deleted helpsheet Small companies: Disclosure of transactions with directors, no other changes to content.
Download this helpsheet

PDF (124kb)

Access a PDF version of this helpsheet to print or save.